1872 English pair cased watch  This English fusee movement is housed in a silver pair case.  This means that there are two parts to the case one to hold the movement the other cover and protect it.  This style case was common on many early European pocket watches, falling out of fashion about 1830.  They were replaced with one piece cases which were less clumsy and more user friendly. The hallmarks as seen in photos show where the silver was assayed and inspected prior to sale and provides a date for aging the watch case.  This example shows a lion stamp at top, denoting a silver metal case. Below and to the left is a lion head London assay office stamp. To the right of the assay stamp is the date stamp a small letter "r" represents the year 1872. Below the assay stamps is the case maker mark "HB". The last photo shows the front and back of watchmaker advertizing papers which were placed in the back of the outer case and often used to document repair work.